Hammertoe is a common problem among persons of all ages. The extent of the condition among the population is not well documented as most of those affected do not seek treatment until the condition gets painful or grows huge.
But what is hammertoe?
This is basically a condition which develops when one or several of the muscles in the toes become weak thereby exerting pressure on the tendons and joints of the toes.
The pressure will force them to misshapen thereby sticking up at the affected joint. In most cases, a callus or corn will develop at the deformed toe’s top. The resultant outgrowth may hurt and pain especially when one wears enclosed shoe or any other shoe which exerts pressure on the affected area.
How to treat:
There are various treatments for hammer toe, but they can be generally categorized as ‘non-surgical’ and ‘surgical’ methods. Depending on the cause and severity of the condition, the best treatment for hammer toes may be surgical or non-surgical. In all cases, surgery will be recommended where the condition cannot be rectified through non-invasive procedures. The public and even the public know that surgery always has some side effects and takes more time to recover than the non-invasive treatments.
The non-surgical treatments:
The methods of fixing hammer toes without surgery basically involve avoiding the causes of the condition, or anything that aggravates or worsens it. This means lifestyle changes such as avoiding wearing tight fighting or pointed shoes. As other ailments such as diabetes and other neuromuscular conditions can cause, taking steps to manage these other ailments will slow down the progression of hammer toe.
Generally, hammertoe treatment exercises are recommended as an alternative to surgery in the treatment if hammer toe and related conditions such as bunion. Exercises are helpful even to patients whose condition is genetic. Note that these alternative interventions in most cases work only when the condition is diagnosed early. If the hammer toe has remained unaddressed for many years, or the non-surgical interventions have not worked or have not yielded the desired or expected results, the only resolution may be surgery.
A bunion and hammertoe surgery is generally safe and only few side effects such as pain and infection at site of surgery have been reported. The surgery is mostly performed on outpatient basis, meaning you will be allowed to go home soon after the surgery. The surgery is aimed at correcting the deformed bone, ligaments and tendons and also the soft tissue.